If you’re a beginner, it’s important you start with building a proper foundation. If you’re looking to build muscle, and get stronger, then my beginner workout routine detailed, in full, below is a great place to start. It’s actually what I recommend to most people getting started with weight training, regardless of their goal of losing body fat, getting stronger, building muscle, or a mix of all those goals. Here we go — all you need to know is detailed below for the JCDFitness Beginner Workout Routine. Attention: if you’re looking for a resource on losing body fat, check out my guide to losing weight. Setting Up A Weekly Schedule With this program, you’re only training 3 days per week. If you’re feeling a bit antsy about hitting the gym 3 days per week, it’s okay. I get it. But don’t be fooled. 3 days on the JCDFitness beginner workout routine is enough to keep you plenty busy, and you’ll be able to build a considerable amount of size and strength if you just stick with it. For your own education, this routine falls under what’s also known as a 3 day split. It’s also a full-body routine because you’re training your entire body, as opposed to a few muscle groups, every single session. If you’ve ever done a bodybuilding type of program where you train 6 days per week, and hit only 1-2 body parts per session with a massive amount of volume, then this will seem a bit, umm, minimalistic. Rest assured, my friend, this type of routine has been proven over and over again to work wonders in those who put in the time and effort. In short, you’ll be in the gym 3 days per week. There are 3 separate training sessions labeled ‘Workout A’, ‘Workout B,’ and ‘Workout C.’ When following the typical weekly schedule this means you’ll have 3 days of training and 4 days off. Here’s how the typical schedule would look. Week 1 Monday // Workout A Tuesday // no training Wednesday // Workout B Thursday // no training Friday // Workout C Saturday // no training Sunday // no training Week 2 – repeat workouts as you did in week 1 Keep in mind the sequence of these workouts are important to adhere to, meaning you should always follow the workouts over the week in the A, B, C pattern. Don’t do two ‘A’ days in a row, or go from ‘A’ to ‘C’ and then to ‘B’ on Friday. So now that we have the basic schedule out of the way, let’s first talk about something very important: form and proper movement. Form and Technique — What It Is and Why It Matters Simply put, this is how you perform the movements. There is a right way, and a wrong way. Squats, deadlifts, and presses can be highly technical, and may be dangerous if not learned correctly. Since you’re a beginner, it’s important you learn how to do these movements properly. For starters, using only the bar on squats, deadlifts, and presses for the first few weeks is probably a good idea. The reason is because when starting a beginner workout routine like this one, your body needs to learn the movement patterns before you begin any extra loading with weights. If you don’t establish good form and technique in the beginning, you’ll be prone to bad habits. Bad habits, when it comes to your movement patterns, is a recipe for disaster as you get stronger because if you can’t perform a movement correctly with light weight, doing it with heavy weight puts you at high risk for injury. We need to talk about the actual training program. I’ll discuss the sets, reps, how much weight to use, and then progressions. The JCDFitness Beginner Workout Routine Outlined Quick Key: AMRAP: as many reps as possible DB: dumbbell BB: barbell M: minutes S: seconds 3×10: 3 sets of 10 reps – the first number is always the number of sets, and second number, always the number of reps. Superset: this means to perform the opposing movements back to back until all total sets are completed. The Workouts Workout A 1. Squat (or leg press) // 3M rest between sets 3×6-8 2. DB Lunge // 2M rest between sets 3×8-10/leg 3. BB Bench press // 2M rest between sets 3×6-8 4. BB Rows // 2M rest between sets 3×6-8 Superset the following with no rest between sets: Push-ups 3×8-10 DB Rows 3×8-10/arm 7. Lying leg raises on a bench (or 4-point plank for 2 sets of 30 seconds) // 1M rest between sets 2×8-10 Workout B 1. Deadlift (or Romanian deadlift) // 3M rest between sets 1×8* 2×8-10 2. Leg Press // 2M rest between sets 3×8-10/leg 3. Hyperextension // 2M rest between sets 2×8-10 4. DB Overhead Press // 2M rest between sets 3×8-10 5. Pull-ups**// 2M rest between sets 3×5-8 *Work up to a heavy set of 8 reps with good form. Then use 70% of your 8 rep-max for the following sets of 2×8-10. Read the next section for a full explanation. **If you can’t do more than 5 pull-ups, do a lat pulldown. Workout C 1. Squat (or leg press) // 3M rest between sets 3×6-8 2. Hyperextension // 2M rest between sets 3×8-10 Superset the following with 30S rest between sets: Incline DB Bench Press 3×8-10 BB Row (or seated cable) 3×8-10 Rest 2 minutes and then superset the following with NO rest between sets: Push-ups 2xAMRAP Lat Pulldown 2×8-10 7. Hanging Leg Raises (or weighted crunches) // 1M rest between sets 2×8-10 Workout A Explained Squats and dumbbell lunges are primarily focusing on the quads, but a properly performed squat, and lunge will also hit the hamstrings and glutes adequately. The barbell bench press takes care of what’s called horizontal pressing, and the barbell rows are what we refer to as horizontal rowing. Make sure you are using good form on all exercises, and get someone to spot you on squats and bench if needed. Push-ups and dumbbell rows serve as ‘beach body’ work at the end of your workout. The goal of a superset is to give you some extra volume, which can be conducive to gaining muscle, assuming you’re eating well. The ab workouts at the end are not mandatory, but come highly recommended. A strong abdominal wall can only aid you in the main lifts such as the bench squat and deadlift. Workout B Explained The deadlift primarily works what’s called the posterior chain. If you do the deadlift properly, you will feel it in your hamstrings, glutes, lower, mid, and upper back. The leg press right after will also serve to work the hamstrings and glutes, as well as the quads. The goal here is to place your feet high on the platform and really focus on pushing through your heels. Imagine pulling your toes off the floor, and only being able to get out of your chair pushing with your heels and not the balls of your feet. The hyperextension is another glute and hamstring exercise. Make sure you are focusing on pulling yourself up with your gltues, and hamstrings, not your lower back. Here’s a short tutorial video. The dumbbell overhead press serves as your vertical pressing movement for the week. I prefer you keep a neutral grip, which means you keep your palms facing each other. Here’s a video demonstration of an Arnold press (which is a fine substitute): Pull-ups serve as your vertical pulling movement for the week. If you can’t do pull-ups, then a lat pulldown machine will work. I prefer you use a neutral grip (palms facing each other), when possible. Workout C Explained The squat is again, a quad-focused movement. The hyperextension works to balance out your quad training by hitting the hamstrings and glutes. Incline dumbbell bench press is a version of horizontal pressing, even though it’s somewhere between strict horizontal and vertical pressing. The barbell row serves as your horizontal pulling movement. The last batch of supersets serve as ‘beach body’ work to give more volume for muscle gain. Workout C’s ab movement is required, not optional. Either the hanging leg raise, or weighted crunches are both good movements for building a strong core. Substitutions: Squats: leg press, machine hack squat (no smith machines) Barbell Bench press: incline bench, dumbbell press (incline, or flat) Barbell rows: seated cable row, t-bar row, machine row Hyperextensions: leg curls (all variations), or hip thrusts/glute bridges (my preferred substitute) Pull-ups: lat pulldown, or band-assisted chin/pull-ups Deadlifts: Romanian deadlift, hexbar deadlift Warming Up Properly When warming up for your work sets, I want you doing just enough work to prime your nervous system and prepare you for the loads to come. However, there is no need to waste all of your energy on getting ready for the work sets. Some people prefer to walk on the treadmill for 5-10 minutes, and some like to go straight into lifting. Whatever you like to do, make sure you never jump into your work sets immediately without warming up in some fashion. This is not only a good way to get injured, but it’s also a good way to limit your potential for strength gains and muscle growth. If you’re working up to a squat of 135 x 6-8, your warm up should look something like this: Warm-Up Sequence 65×5 (~50% work set) 80×3 (~60% work set) 95×3 (~70% work set) 115×1 (~85% work set) WORK SET 3×7 of 135lbs The above example applies to the squat, bench, deadlift and rowing movements on all days regardless of number of sets. If you can get by with doing fewer warm-up sets, then be my guest. My main concern is your safety – so at least give this method a try before reducing your warm-ups. This is your only warning, okay? Workout A Example As you see, you will begin with the squat and perform all 3 sets with allocated rest periods. Then you will proceed to the next movement and perform dumbbell lunges for the 3 sets of 8-10 reps per leg. Then you move to barbell bench, for 3 sets of 6-8 reps, and follow that up with barbell rows for the same. Once you’ve completed the first 4 movements, you’ll move on to the superset of push-ups and dumbbell rows. Ideally, you’ll go to a bench where you can do the dumbbell rows, and do push-ups next to the bench. If this is not possible due to equipment limitations or gym traffic, perform all sets of push-ups with a 30 second rest period, and then move onto the dumbbell rows. The same method of moving from movement to movement applies for Workout B and C respectively. How to Progress Properly // Sets/Reps/Weight For starters, I want you to understand something. The entire goal around strength training and bodybuilding, is to progress at a pace that allows you to consistently add weight to the bar, and recover quickly enough to keep progressing. If you never add weight to the bar, you’re never going to get stronger, or bigger. The body only adapts when you force it to. If you’re not pushing yourself to get stronger on a consistent basis (usually weekly), then your body just won’t change. — Unless otherwise noted, you should use the same weight across all sets (outside of warm-ups, and the deadlift). For workout A, you’re starting with the squat. So after you’re done warming up, and ready to do your work sets, you want to pick a weight you can use for all 3 sets of 6-8 reps. Let’s say you know you can do 8 reps with 100 pounds. Good, that’s what you’d use for all 3 sets. The main goal is to stay within the rep range. So if you get 8 reps on your first set, 8 on your second, and only 6 on the last set, that’s perfect. If you can only get 6 reps on your first set, and can’t get 6 or more on the second and third set, then you should choose a lighter weight, OR stick with that weight over a few workouts until you can do 6-8 reps on all sets respectively (aka double progression, detailed below). Let’s say you are able to get all three sets done with great form, and stay within the rep range (or pass it), then you know it’s time to add weight to the bar on your next workout for that movement. Again, let’s use the squat as an example. On Monday, during workout A, you did 3 sets of 6-8 reps with 100 pounds. You’d make a note in your log book to add weight to the bar on your next squat workout, which just so happens to be at the end of the week on Friday when you do workout C. Now most gyms are going to have 5 (~2kg) pound plates, but not all are going to have 2.5 (~1kg) pound plates. It’s my recommendation that you aim to add the least amount of weight possible so you’re able to make progress over a long period of time without plateauing. If you have the 2.5 pounds plates, perfect. If not, adding 10 total pounds each workout will be doable for a while, but not forever. Adding 10 pounds to lower body movements like squats, deadlifts and leg presses usually doesn’t pose too much of a problem. Adding 10 pounds every workout to your upper body movements usually doesn’t last very long. Push-up progression: When you can do sets of 15 push-ups easily, elevate your feet on a bench behind you. Hyperextension progression: When doing the prescribed reps with body weight becomes easy, pick up a plate or dumbbell for extra resistance. Follow the same progression guidelines, and add weight slowly. Using Double Progression In the case you only have access to 5 pound plates, you might wish to utilize what’s known as double progression. Since we’re dealing with rep ranges, meaning I’ve given you a set of numbers (6-8 or 8-10) to work within, double progression is perfect for all movements, especially upper body ones. Here’s how it works. Let’s say you’re in the gym, and doing a set of bench press. Last week you did your 3 sets 6-8 reps and it went like this: Set 1 // 100 x 7 Set 2 // 100 x 6 Set 3 // 100 x 6 If you go by my original guidelines of just adding 5 pound plates (10 pounds total), I can almost assure that you won’t be within the 6-8 rep range the next time you do bench press. So instead of grinding sloppily through 3 sets and ending up with barely 5-6 reps (or fewer) per set, you should stick with the 100 pound bench press until you can get 8 reps on the first set, and to play it safe, probably the 2nd and 3rd. I’m going to say that 8 reps on the first set, and 7 reps on the second set are good indicators of upping the weight on the following workout. Deadlift Progression Make sure you work up in weights similar to how I described warming up for your work sets and work all the way up to an 8 rep max (RM) (the most you can do with good form). Then for the next 2 sets of 8-10, I want you to drop the weight down by 30% and finish your 2 sets with this weight. So, if you do 225lbs for your top set of 8, dropping that to 70% of your 8RM means your 2nd and 3rd set will be about ~160lbs. Over time, if you can get more than 10 reps on your 2nd and 3rd set with this figure, drop it to 80% instead of 70%. STOP | DO NOT MISS THIS NOTE ABOUT MUSCULAR FAILURE AND DEADLIFTS Look, I’ve seen a lot of craziness in my day. The deadlift is a movement that can be beautiful or plain wretched depending on how it’s performed. It’s also very easy to snap your shit up, as the Hodge Twins would say. The deadlift places a lot of stress on the lower, middle and upper back, as well as the glutes and hamstrings. It takes focus and attention. Because I don’t want you on the fast track to snap city, I am giving you this order. You must not ever go to failure with the deadlift on this beginner workout program. In order to not mess this up, I want you to stop yourself one rep short of ultimate failure. So if you’re pulling a weight you’re aiming to get for 8 reps and you get to 7 and know that all you have left in you is one more and it ain’t gonna be pretty, STOP. Who cares if you don’t get to 8? It doesn’t matter. Write it down in your logbook, and try to beat it next week. BUT DON’T GO FOR THAT LAST REP. COOL? Okay. Beat The Logbook Alright, this is my favorite part. This training journey is all about YOU. Not me, not my site, not about all the e-fame you might gain for the transformation you’re going to experience. It’s about you and your progress. It’s about going into the gym with the goal of beating your last workout’s records. So make this fun, and have a good time training. It’s truly one of the best things you can do to improve yourself. Check Your Ego At The Door [EVERY DAY] The last thing you want to do is get injured. Most of the time, people get injured for two reasons. It’s either because of a freak accident from not knowing what they’re doing, or being too overzealous with the aims of lifting more than they’re currently capable of. No one cares about a 300 pound bench press you’re bouncing off your chest. No one cares if you quarter squat 400 pounds. And in reality, if you resort to this bullshit, you’re only robbing yourself of gains in strength and size because you’re CHEATING. We all hate cheaters here at JCDFitness, so don’t do it. Also, you’ll love all the progress you make when you take it slow, and keep good form. Don’t Develop ‘Shiny Object Syndrome’ As a beginner, it’s easy to get distracted. One week you’re pumped to do my beginner workout routine, and then another week, you’re scouring the internet for the next best workout program. Don’t fall for this… unless you love making no progress, and looking back over a year to see the same body and strength as the year before. FAQ’s Q: How do I know how much weight to start with? A: Start with the lightest weight possible (the bar, usually). Most beginners are so anxious to start benching their body weight, or squatting a house. But here’s the deal – THERE’S NO FREAKING RUSH. Take your time. If you’re just getting familiar with the gym, start with the bar, or a broomstick for all I care. Just take your time. Here’s a more methodical way to go about it. Let’s say you lay down on the bench press and you unrack the bar. You start benching and it feels SUPER light. Let’s say you could probably do 12-15 reps easily. Add 5 pounds to each side. Get back under the bar, and feel it out. Let’s say that feels super easy again, and then you’d add another 5 pounds to each side. Now let’s say this time it feels a little heavier, and you’re thinking you might only be able to get 10 reps. Now we’re getting somewhere. This is sort of like how your warm-ups should go. Now you add another 5 pounds each side, and you struggle to get 8. Now we know what weight you should be starting with. Do a few more sets, record it in your training log, and try to beat it next time. Q: Can I go to failure? A: Sort of. I don’t want you falling over in the squat rack, or pulling a deadlift with such atrocious form that it looks as if you’ll be shooting discs out your lower lumbar spine. If you get pinned to the bench press, you’ve gone too far, buddy. Remember the one-rep-short-of-failure rule I mentioned about the deadlift. Q: Can I add a bunch more exercises to the routine? A: No. Beginners often feel they should be dong something harder or more advanced when in reality, they have no business doing anything but the basics. Keep it simple while you can and milk all the gains as long as you can. Q: Can I train everyday? A: No, bad idea. Q: Is this a good routine for athletics? A: Ehh, it’s okay if the athlete is a novice in the weight room. It’s not suited for advanced athletes, though. Want MAXIMUM Results? Then do this program, and TRACK EVERYTHING. If you don’t measure your progress, and aim to get stronger each and every week, you’re wasting time and effort. Use a state-of-the-art workout tracker app from Weightlifting.com to make sure you’re getting the best results possible. Start Tracking Today Look — you can do the program on your own, completely free of charge. But make it easy on yourself, and use the app. If you have any questions that need to be answered here, hit me up in an email.